For The Best Breakfasts,Look to Our Neighbors The benefits of breakfast are almost too numerous to list. Breakfast wakes up your metabolism after sleep and starts you burning calories. It reduces stress hormones and improves your mood. It improves your memory and your alertness, and gives you energy for work. And for reasons that are still not entirely understood, it is widely demonstrated that people who eat breakfasts are slimmer, and find it easier to keep weight off once they lose it.So it’s not hard to see that breakfast is an easy win. Yet many people are almost afraid of this simple meal because they’re unsure what they’re supposed to eat. Eggs? Cereal? Yogurt? Is there a magic recipe?
Let’s think about what people eat in other cultures. When I was growing up in Peru, I don’t remember opening a box of cereal. We ate fresh, whole foods — like whole-grain bread with marmalade, fruit, and eggs. On the weekends we often ate a sort of beef stir-fry (lomo saltado), served on a sandwich, or even tamales. If you had a hangover, breakfast was ceviche. (That’s raw fish cured with lime juice!) When I look at other cultures, I see something similar — traditional breakfasts involve whole foods that mix protein, carbohydrate and fats. In Japan, for instance, rice, fish and miso soup come together for the morning meal. In Israel, it might include eggs, bread, cheese and a tomato/cucumber salad.
What all these breakfasts have in common is that they are not made of processed foods (other than breads — but even then, these are whole-grain breads) and they are not all from one food type (carbohydrates or proteins). They have the same qualities that make up a good dinner: fresh ingredients and a blend of protein, fat and carbohydrates. In fact, in many countries a typical breakfast is composed out of the leftovers of what was used to make traditional dinners! So if you stock your refrigerator with fresh ingredients, and keep on hand basic, healthy staples like eggs, meats, vegetables, fruits and whole grains, you will always have the makings of a superb breakfast.
Here are my four principles regarding breakfast:
1. Any breakfast is better than no breakfast. Eat something, even if it’s little.
2. Eat what you like. This is a corollary to #1. If you don’t like it you won’t eat it, no matter how much you think you should.
3. Be guided by moderation. A bagel is not a great breakfast because it is all refined carbohydrates, but it isn’t going to kill you if you eat it once a month. Try to create balance across a week, rather than be perfect every day.
4. Diversify your food types. What makes a good dinner makes a good breakfast — that is, a mixture of protein, carbohydrates, and fat. Just eggs? Not great. Eggs with tomatoes and some fruit? Not bad.
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